Mortgage default insurance, which is commonly referred to as CMHC insurance, is mandatory in Canada for down payments between 5% (the minimum in Canada) and 19.99%. Mortgage default insurance protects lenders, in the event a borrower ever stopped making payments and defaulted on their mortgage loan.
Although mortgage default insurance costs homebuyers 2.80% - 4.00% of their mortgage amount, it does allow Canadians, who might not otherwise be able to purchase homes, access to the Canadian real estate market. Without it, mortgage rates would be higher, as the risk of default would increase. Lenders are able to offer lower mortgage rates when mortgages are protected by mortgage default insurance, because the risk of default is passed along to the mortgage insurer.
There are some requirements you have to meet in order to qualify for mortgage default insurance:
The maximum amortization for insured mortgages is 25 years.
If the purchase price is between $500,000 - $999,999 a higher down payment is required. The minimum down payment is 5% of the first $500,000, and 10% of the remaining amount. Mortgage default insurance is not available on homes purchased for more than $1 million; this means that a 20% down payment is required on these homes.
If you purchase land or an interest in land in Ontario you are required to pay the Provincial Land Transfer Tax (PLTT). If you have purchased this land or an interest in land located in Toronto, you are required to pay the Municipal Land Transfer Tax (MLTT) in addition to the PLTT.
Municipal Land Transfer Tax (MLTT)
Up to and including $55,000.00 X 0.5% of total property value
From $55,000.01 to $400,000.00 X 1% of total property value
Over $400,000.00 X 2% of total property value
Provincial Land Transfer Tax (PLTT)
Up to $55,000 X 0.5% of total property value
From $55,000 to $250,000 X 1% of total property value
From $250,000 to $400,000 X 1.5% of total property value
From $400,000 up X 2% of total property value
The City of Toronto levies an additional LTT on Toronto real estate in addition to the provincial rate.
Land Transfer Tax Rebates: First Time Home Buyers
If you are a first time home buyer you are eligable for rebates for both the Municipal and Provincial Land Transfer Tax
Municipal Land Transfer Tax (MLTT): Maximum $3725
Provincial Land Transfer Tax (PLTT): Maximum $2000